Jenis Elang di Indonesia dan Dunia

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Jenis Elang – Elang merupakan salah satu jenis burung pemangsa yang merujuk pada burung pemangsa berukuran besar dari suku Accipitridae terutama genus Aquila, sedangkan burung pemangsa yang lebih kecil di sebut jenis alap-alap yang sudah dibahas pada postingan sebelumnya. Di indonesia sendiri terdapat beberapa jenis elang yang tersebar dari sabang sampai merauke sehingga salah satu elang yang ada indonesia menjadi lambang negara yakni elang jawa dan sebagian orang menyebutnya elang garuda. Burung elang ataupun alap-alap mampu memangsa hewan yang lebih besar dari ukuran tubuhnya. Elang adalah hewan berdarah panas, mempunyai sayap dan tubuh yang diselubungi bulu pelepah. Sebagai burung, elang berkembang biak dengan cara bertelur yang mempunyai cangkang keras di dalam sarang yang dibuat dari dedaunan sampai ranting pohon. Dari semua jenis elang ada satu jenis elang yang memangsa jenis serangga dan sarangnya hingga buah – buahan yakni elang sikep madu. Namun, untuk ukuran elang terbesar tidak terdapat di indonesia karena elang terbesar yang ada di indonesia adalah elang papua yang memiliki panjang tubuh 75 – 90 cm.

Jenis Elang di Indonesia dan Dunia

jenis elang jawa

elang jawa alias garuda

Sama halnya dengan postingan sebelumnya, kami di sini hanya akan menyebutkan nama dari jenis elang tersebut dan akan membahas secara detail dari jenis elang yang ada di indonesia ataupun di dunia pada postingan yang lain

Jenis elang yang ada di indonesia

Elang Hitam, Indian black eagle
Elang Brontok, Changeable hawk eagle
Elang Jawa, Javanes hawk eagle
Elang ular Bido, Crested sherpent eagle
Elang ular Jari Pendek, Short toed snake eagle
Elang Sulawesi, Sulawesi hawk eagle
Elang ular sulawesi, Sulawesi serpent eagle
Elang Wallace, Wallace’s hawk eagle
Elang Flores, Flores hawk eagle
Elang Tiram, Osprey
Elang laut Perut Putih, White bellied sea Eagle
Elang Bondol, Brahminy Kite
Elang ikan Kepala Abu, Grey headed Fish Eagle
Elang ikan Kecil, Lesser fish eagle
Elang Perut Karat, Rufous bellied Eagle
Elang Paria, Black kite
Elang rawa Tutul/ elang tutul, Spotted harrier
Elang sikep madu, Oriental Honey Buzzard

Jenis Elang di Dunia

Secretarybird Sagittarius serpentarius
African Baza Aviceda cuculoides
Madagascar Baza Aviceda madagascariensis
Jerdon’s Baza Aviceda jerdoni
Pacific Baza Aviceda subcristata
Black Baza Aviceda leuphotes
Grey headed Kite Leptodon cayanensis
White collared Kite Leptodon forbesi
Hook billed Kite Chondrohierax uncinatus
Cuban Kite Chondrohierax wilsonii
Long tailed Honey buzzard Henicopernis longicauda
Black Honey buzzard Henicopernis infuscatus
European Honey buzzard Pernis apivorus
Barred Honey buzzard Pernis celebensis
Square tailed Kite Lophoictinia isura
Black breasted Buzzard Hamirostra melanosternon
American Swallow tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus
Bat Hawk Macheiramphus alcinus
Pearl Kite Gampsonyx swainsonii
Black winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
Black shouldered Kite Elanus axillaris
White tailed Kite Elanus leucurus
Letter winged Kite Elanus scriptus
African Swallow tailed Kite Chelictinia riocourii
Snail Kite Rostrhamus sociabilis
Slender billed Kite Helicolestes hamatus
Double toothed Kite Harpagus bidentatus
Rufous thighed Kite Harpagus diodon
Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis
Plumbeous Kite Ictinia plumbea
Red Kite Milvus milvus
Whistling Kite Haliastur sphenurus
Sanford’s Sea eagle Haliaeetus sanfordi
African Fish eagle Haliaeetus vocifer
Madagascar Fish eagle Haliaeetus vociferoides
Pallas’s Fish eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus
White tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus
Steller’s Sea eagle Haliaeetus pelagicus
Lesser Fish eagle Ichthyophaga humilis
Palm nut Vulture Gypohierax angolensis
Lammergeier Gypaetus barbatus
Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
Hooded Vulture Necrosyrtes monachus
White backed Vulture Gyps africanus
White rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis
Indian Vulture Gyps indicus
Slender billed Vulture Gyps tenuirostris
Rueppell’s Vulture Gyps rueppellii
Himalayan Vulture Gyps himalayensis
Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
Cape Vulture Gyps coprotheres
Red headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus
White headed Vulture Trigonoceps occipitalis
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus
Lappet faced Vulture Torgos tracheliotos
Black chested Snake eagle Circaetus pectoralis
Beaudouin’s Snake eagle Circaetus beaudouini
Brown Snake eagle Circaetus cinereus
Southern Banded Snake eagle Circaetus fasciolatus
Banded Snake eagle Circaetus cinerascens
Bateleur Terathopius ecaudatus
Crested Serpent eagle Spilornis cheela
South Nicobar Serpent eagle Spilornis klossi
Mountain Serpent eagle Spilornis kinabaluensis
Sulawesi Serpent eagle Spilornis rufipectus
Philippine Serpent eagle Spilornis holospilus
Andaman Serpent eagle Spilornis elgini
Congo Serpent eagle Dryotriorchis spectabilis
Madagascar Serpent eagle Eutriorchis astur
Western Marsh harrier Circus aeruginosus
African Marsh harrier Circus ranivorus
Eastern Marsh harrier Circus spilonotus
Swamp Harrier Circus approximans
Madagascar Harrier Circus macrosceles
Reunion Harrier Circus maillardi
Long winged Harrier Circus buffoni
Black Harrier Circus maurus
Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus
Cinereous Harrier Circus cinereus
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
Pied Harrier Circus melanoleucos
Montagu’s Harrier Circus pygargus
African Harrier hawk Polyboroides typus
Madagascar Harrier hawk Polyboroides radiatus
Dark Chanting goshawk Melierax metabates
Eastern Chanting goshawk Melierax poliopterus
Pale Chanting goshawk Melierax canorus
Gabar Goshawk Melierax gabar
Gray bellied Hawk Accipiter poliogaster
Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus
Sulawesi Goshawk Accipiter griseiceps
African Goshawk Accipiter tachiro
Chestnut flanked Sparrowhawk Accipiter castanilius
Shikra Accipiter badius
Nicobar Sparrowhawk Accipiter butleri
Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes
Chinese Goshawk Accipiter soloensis
Frances’s Sparrowhawk Accipiter francesiae
Spot tailed Goshawk Accipiter trinotatus
Grey Goshawk Accipiter novaehollandiae
Brown Goshawk Accipiter fasciatus
Black mantled Goshawk Accipiter melanochlamys
Pied Goshawk Accipiter albogularis
Fiji Goshawk Accipiter rufitorques
White bellied Goshawk Accipiter haplochrous
Moluccan Goshawk Accipiter henicogrammus
Slaty mantled Sparrowhawk Accipiter luteoschistaceus
Imitator Sparrowhawk Accipiter imitator
Grey headed Goshawk Accipiter poliocephalus
New Britain Goshawk Accipiter princeps
Tiny Hawk Accipiter superciliosus
Semicollared Hawk Accipiter collaris
Red thighed Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythropus
Little Sparrowhawk Accipiter minullus
Japanese Sparrowhawk Accipiter gularis
Besra Accipiter virgatus
Small Sparrowhawk Accipiter nanus
Rufous necked Sparrowhawk Accipiter erythrauchen
Collared Sparrowhawk Accipiter cirrocephalus
New Britain Sparrowhawk Accipiter brachyurus
Vinous breasted Sparrowhawk Accipiter rhodogaster
Madagascar Sparrowhawk Accipiter madagascariensis
Ovampo Sparrowhawk Accipiter ovampensis
Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Rufous chested Sparrowhawk Accipiter rufiventris
Sharp shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus
Cooper’s Hawk Accipiter cooperii
Gundlach’s Hawk Accipiter gundlachi
Bicoloured Hawk Accipiter bicolor
Black Goshawk Accipiter melanoleucus
Henst’s Goshawk Accipiter henstii
Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Meyer’s Goshawk Accipiter meyerianus
Chestnut shouldered Goshawk Erythrotriorchis buergersi
Red Goshawk Erythrotriorchis radiatus
Doria’s Goshawk Megatriorchis doriae
Long tailed Hawk Urotriorchis macrourus
Lizard Buzzard Kaupifalco monogrammicus
Grasshopper Buzzard Butastur rufipennis
White eyed Buzzard Butastur teesa
Rufous winged Buzzard Butastur liventer
Grey faced Buzzard Butastur indicus
Crane Hawk Geranospiza caerulescens
Plumbeous Hawk Leucopternis plumbeus
Slate coloured Hawk Leucopternis schistaceus
Barred Hawk Leucopternis princeps
Black faced Hawk Leucopternis melanops
White browed Hawk Leucopternis kuhli
White necked Hawk Leucopternis lacernulatus
Semiplumbeous Hawk Leucopternis semiplumbeus
White Hawk Leucopternis albicollis
Grey backed Hawk Leucopternis occidentalis
Mantled Hawk Leucopternis polionotus
Rufous Crab hawk Buteogallus aequinoctialis
Common Black hawk Buteogallus anthracinus
Cuban Black Hawk Buteogallus gundlachii
Great Black hawk Buteogallus urubitinga
Savanna Hawk Buteogallus meridionalis
Harris’s Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus
Black collared Hawk Busarellus nigricollis
Black chested Buzzard eagle Geranoaetus melanoleucus
Solitary Eagle Harpyhaliaetus solitarius
Crowned Eagle Harpyhaliaetus coronatus
Roadside Hawk Buteo magnirostris
Red shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus
Ridgway’s Hawk Buteo ridgwayi
Broad winged Hawk Buteo platypterus
Grey Hawk Buteo nitidus
White rumped Hawk Buteo leucorrhous
Short tailed Hawk Buteo brachyurus
White throated Hawk Buteo albigula
Swainson’s Hawk Buteo swainsoni
White tailed Hawk Buteo albicaudatus
Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis
Red backed Hawk Buteo polyosoma
Zone tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus
Hawaiian Hawk Buteo solitarius
Red tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis
Rufous tailed Hawk Buteo ventralis
Common Buzzard Buteo buteo
Mountain Buzzard Buteo oreophilus
Madagascar Buzzard Buteo brachypterus
Long legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
Upland Buzzard Buteo hemilasius
Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis
Rough legged Hawk Buteo lagopus
Red necked Buzzard Buteo auguralis
Augur Buzzard Buteo augur
Jackal Buzzard Buteo rufofuscus
Crested Eagle Morphnus guianensis
Harpy Eagle Harpia harpyja
New Guinea Eagle Harpyopsis novaeguineae
Philippine Eagle Pithecophaga jefferyi
Black Eagle Ictinaetus malayensis
Lesser Spotted Eagle Aquila pomarina
Indian Spotted Eagle Aquila hastata
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga
Tawny Eagle Aquila rapax
Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Spanish Imperial Eagle Aquila adalberti
Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
Gurney’s Eagle Aquila gurneyi
Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Wedge tailed Eagle Aquila audax
Verreaux’s Eagle Aquila verreauxii
Wahlberg’s Eagle Aquila wahlbergi
Bonelli’s Eagle Aquila fasciatus
African Hawk eagle Hieraaetus spilogaster
Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
Little Eagle Hieraaetus morphnoides
New Guinea Hawk eagle Hieraaetus weiskei
Ayres’s Hawk eagle Hieraaetus ayresii
Martial Eagle Polemaetus bellicosus
Long crested Eagle Lophaetus occipitalis
Cassin’s Hawk eagle Aquila africanus
Black Hawk eagle Spizaetus tyrannus
Black and white Hawk eagle Spizaetus melanoleucus
Ornate Hawk eagle Spizaetus ornatus
Black and chestnut Eagle Spizaetus isidori
Crowned Hawk eagle Stephanoaetus coronatus

Dari berbagai jenis elang di indonesia atau jenis elang di dunia, tidak semua yang kami sebutkan di atas masih ada keberadaannya namun ada beberapa jenis yang sangat populer (dipelihara) di Indonesia salah satunya elang brontok alias Changeable hawk eagle dan di luar indonesia elang emas atau golden eagle. Namun, untuk harga elang tentunya bervariasi, mulai dari ratusan ribu bahkan ratusan juta. Jadi sebelum berfikir untuk memelihara elang maka perhatikan budget yang harus dikeluarkan untuk merawat elang tersebut

Tags: #elang #harga elang #hewan

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